Prior to the approval of the document it shall be agreed with the State Nuclear Power Safety Inspectorate (VATESI), Ministry of Energy of the Republic of Lithuania, Ministry of Environment of the Republic of Lithuania, Ministry of Health of the Republic of Lithuania, Ministry of Social Security and Labour of the Republic of Lithuania.
Planning of Ignalina NPP decommissioning started 20 years ago, when in 1999 a preliminary decommissioning plan was prepared. In 2002 it was decided to begin immediate dismantling of Ignalina NPP, and the first version of the FDP was approved in 2005. Currently, FDP version of 2014 is being complied with. As the nuclear decommissioning legislation obliges to review FDP at least once every 5 years, Ignalina NPP has prepared an updated version of FDP for review by interested parties.
FDP is a key document describing the decommissioning of a nuclear facility. It covers the entire INPP decommissioning period and describes the INPP facilities: both energy units, radioactive waste management facilities, and various auxiliary structures that are not required in the long term. The document describes decommissioning projects and works, provides a summary work schedule, expenses incurred and estimated costs.
It should be noted that the new version of FDP assumed provision of adequate funding for the remaining INPP decommissioning period.
Compared to 2014 version of FDP, the new version of FDP provides a broader audience with a more structured, consistent and clear description of INPP decommissioning activities. The INPP decommissioning activity has been carried out for more than 15 years, so this document is partly a report of the work done, and partly a future work plan.
It is important to note that after the analysis of the current situation and the forecast of future work scope, the final date of decommissioning as compared to 2014 FDP version remained unchanged – 2038 year. Despite the fact that the reassessed volume of equipment to be dismantled and its total volume compared to 2014 FDP version increased by almost 30 percent, after recalculating inflation factors, the estimated total cost of decommissioning work decreased by EUR 60 million. According to the new version of FDP, the total cost of decommissioning (including risks and inflation) is EUR 3316 million.
it shall be noted that on 29 November 2018 VATESI has approved the list of documents of INPP application for the license for decommissioning. According to the agreed schedule, INPP will provide the documents necessary for obtaining VATESI decommissioning license. It is important to note that a license to carry out decommissioning of Ignalina NPP can only be granted after all spent nuclear fuel is removed (unloaded) from the units to the new spent nuclear fuel storage facility. It is planned to reach this goal by the end of 2022, before this time the operating license regulating INPP activities shall remain valid.
All licensing documents to be submitted to VATESI will be available for review and comments to the public as required by the Nuclear Safety Requirements BSR-1.1.5-2017 "Rules of Procedure for Public Participation in Decision-making in the Area of Nuclear Energy".
FDP is the first document provided to the public in terms of licensing process and announced on INPP website.